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Xeriscaping

flowers as a demonstration of xeriscaping techniquesWater-Efficient Landscaping

Columbia’s most important reason for water-efficient landscaping is to preserve and extend the useful life of our present water supply — it’s one of our most precious resources. A considerable amount of water can be saved through well-planned and well-managed landscapes. So, try xeriscaping and spend less time watering, and more time enjoying your beautiful landscape!

 

 

  1. Divide the landscape into three water use zones: low, moderate and high. Place plants with high water requirements in areas that receive the most water, like drainage ways, depressions or bottom of hills.
  2. Shade, whether from plants or structures, helps cool the landscape and reduces water loss. A shaded landscape can be as much as 20% cooler than full sun areas.
  3. The key is to select plants according to the site conditions and stresses. Native Missouri plants are good choices since they tolerate wet spring soils and late summer drought. See the list of suggested plants below.
  4. Pay close attention to moisture in the soil to determine when to water. It also pays to do your homework on the water needs of the plants that you have selected for your yard.
  5. Clay soil types commonly found in Columbia don’t absorb water well. Deeply cultivated, amended soil will improve drainage, save water and keep your plants healthy.
  6. Mulch to retain moisture in the soil and prevent water robbing weeds. Avoid using rocks around your plants since the heat they radiate will increase evaporation.

 

Shrubs

Autumn Olive

Barberry

Beauty Bush

Buckhorn

Button Bush

Elderberry

Forsynthia

Hazlenut

Hydrangia Arborescens

Juniper Species

Lilac

Mockorange

Pine – Mugho

Privet

Potentilla

Pyracantha

Quince – flowering

Rose (shrub)

Rose Acacia

Rose of Sharon

Spirea

Ornamental Grasses

Pampas grass

Tufted Hairgrass

Weeping Lovegrass

Plume Grass

Blue Fescue

Sedges

Feather Reedgrass

Velvet Grass

Bottlebrush Grass

Miscanthus

Pennisetu

Cord Grass

Blue Oat Grass

Moore Grass

Perennial Flowers

Baptisia

Butterfly Weed

Compass Plant

Coneflower (purple)

Coreopsis

Eupatorium

Goldenrod

Gaillardia

Hellanthus

Liatris – Gayfeather

Primrose

Prarie Coneflower

Black-Eyed Susan

Rosinwood

Tall Bellflower

Yarrow

 

Interested in other outdoor water savings tips?

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